CENTROSEMA MACROCARPUM PDF

Centrosema macrocarpum. Kletternde Schmetterlingserbse, Climbing Butterfly Pea, Spurred Butterfly Pea Synonyme: Centrosema lisboae. Image of Centrosema macrocarpum. Centrosema lisboae Trusted C. macrocarpum is distributed in Nicaragua, Brazil, Panama, Colombia, Bolivia, French. Centrosema macrocarpum Benth. Search in The Plant List Search in IPNI Search in Australian Plant Name Index Search in NYBG Virtual Herbarium Search in.

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As yet, no cultivar has been released.

Pasturas Tropicales13 Tolerates very acid conditions, with high soluble Al and Mn. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. A breeding project csntrosema at introducing the acid-soil tolerance of C. Spread is localised by stolon development, extensive spread being limited by low amounts of seed produced under grazing.

It has good tolerance of soil acidity including Al and Mn toxicity, and of low available P. It is tolerant of grazing and cutting once well established, but in mixtures with grasses, it tends to decline under intensive grazing. Depending on plant age and soil fertility, N concentration in leaves ranges from 3. Trellis-grown to facilitate hand harvest of seed. In pasture systems it can be grazed ceentrosema pure legume stands “protein bank” or in a mixture with grass.

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Tap-rooted, trailing perennial herb with slender stems, rooting at the nodes in some genotypes.

Grasses suitable for association with C. Pudoc Scientific Publishers, Wageningen, the Netherlands. The species is well represented in the collection held by CIAT Colombia where a large number of quite variable accessions are available. The legume is usually grazed or is consumed as fresh material after mowing. Grazed pastures in mixture with grasses, as legume -only protein banks, cut-and-carry, and soil cover in orchards and plantations.

When mown, cutting intervals will depend on soil moisture and fertility; weeks is suggested as an adequate interval with a cutting height of cm. See Terms of Use for details.

The legume has specific Bradyrhizobium strain requirements. Tripping of flowers by large insects required for pod set. Leaf-eating insects can be a problem during dry periods. Experimental lines have spread to many tropical countries for testing, including in South-East Asia.

Views Read View source View history. Further conditions which promote flowering are the removal of accumulated biomass and the provision of support for plants to climb up. Ovate leaflets, immature pods and seeds.

As it has specific Bradyrhizobium requirements, seed must be inoculated with an appropriate strain if the legume is to be established where it has not been sown before. Navigation menu Personal tools Log in Request account.

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Scientific name

This page was last modified on 28 Aprilat Soybean mosaic virus infection by aphids has been reported. Climbing a trellis – flower inflorescence an axillary racemepod, and trifoliolate leaf. A twining perennial with dehiscent pods. Biology, Agronomyand Utilization.

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

Pod linear, compressed, up to centroseema cm long, 1 cm wide, straight to slightly bent and beaked, subglabrous, containing up to 25 seeds, marocarpum. Inflorescence an axillary raceme with up to 30 flowers inserted in pairs along rachis; flower papilionaceous, subtended by a pair of ovate-lanceolate-falcate bracteoles; calyx campanulate, 5-teethed with carinal tooth considerably longer than others; petals showy and cream-coloured with purple centre; standard orbicular-emarginate, cm in diameter, pubescent outside; wings and keel much smaller than standard, directed upwards.

Because of the large degree of outcrossing, centrsoema populations within a given ecotype can show considerable variation. Click on images to enlarge Climbing a trellis – flower inflorescence an axillary racemepod, and trifoliolate leaf. When used in grazed pastures, legume persistence will be enhanced if C.