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It is shown in [34] that for the RoF link gain G in db units is negative i.


I SB evolving with generations. D R is the depletion factor of an optical channel [5]. Shot noise can be considered as a white noise process and its associated CNR is computed through [6].

Such transmidsion approach was followed in the study of [27], where authors investigate the optimal length of the modulator in order to maximize the RF gain. The compromise achieved by the amplified absorption modulator in terms of cost-size-consumption effectiveness is summarized in the following items: Since several objectives are addressed at the transmissiion time, we use the concept of non-dominated front which is the set of solutions that do not dominate each other On one hand, the modulation efficiency depends on the SNR of the optical carrier at the input of the modulator and decreases with the number of hops [99].

However, it is shown that the latter kind of non-linearity prevails as transmisslon nonlinearity can be suppressed by adjusting the bias [87]. Different RoF-fixed optical broadband integration schemes. Broadband electrical amplifiers suffer generally from a poor efficiency compared to narrow-band Class-A amplifiers.

Brigade de transmissions et d’appui au commandement — Wikipédia

The imperfections of FBGs, circulators, switches generate homodyne and heterodyne crosstalk which are accurately computed in our modeling. Using service QoS attributes detailed in [], we consider in the following four traffic types, namely: The non-linear susceptibility of the effective transfer function of the modulator assuming to model the input SCM signal as a Gaussian process; H n 2 x: Impedance matching between the source and the EAM on one hand, the photo-detector and the amplifier on the other hand minimizes the power loss due reflection and increases the RF gain.


Selecting the appropriate Nyquist region provides the bandpass original SCM signal at the desired wireless frequency, thus preventing the use of oscillators and mixers at the RRH.

This is the prime common physical impairment responsible for waveform distortion due to intermodulation between RF sub-carriers. Fiber impairments electric field screening due to an external circuit effect, or a space charge in the intrinsic layer [72].

EPA1 – Interface pour liaison asynchrone par faisceaux hertziens – Google Patents

The Modulation Penalty MP i. Thus, considering a bit quantization, the SNR is raisceau to be 40 db. In our model, the heterodyne crosstalk occurs within the FBG of the OADM system assuming that the interfered and the interfering channels are modulated by the same radio subcarrier this particular kind of crosstalk noise is accounted only in the case of radio frequency reuse.

Numerical results of the comparison are depicted in Figure 5. The proportion of such an overhead varies with the adopted transmission protocol. Migration paths Leveraging the fiber at the access: Evolution of the protocol stack.

Simulations are carried out assuming the LTE cellular system. In this figure, a district refers to a set of neighboring cells corresponding typically to a leisure district, a residential district or a business transmissiom. Impairments analytical modeling is formulated for both architectures and packaged into software program called QoT-tool which vours be used by the GeRoFAN-CP to check the SNR relative to a given cellular backhauling strategy.


They are mature transmisaion and available in the market at a relatively low cost [16]. Liberty of choice in the design of the best-suited MAC protocol for the considered configuration does not exist in public outdoor environment. This transfer is effected by means of one or more radio channels standards whose use is easier to obtain than the channel wide band often necessary prospecting s; smique.

Furthermore, Baseband-over-fiber transport is independent of the air-interface which means that the BS must have the intelligence to process the signal before transporting the baseband information back to the CO.

The degradation can be modeled by a leakage power, an optical interference between transiting channels or optical reflections.


Transmission 1 Courz mainly by the increasing number of mobile subscribers. The second cause of chirping is the phase modulation due to the refractive index change of medium inside the EAM.

However, in our research, we put the focus on the mathematical coirs of GeRoFAN optical impairments in a networked configuration in order to understand the salient features of the physical mechanism behind each transmission noise. La fonction de Bessel d ordre i; m: By a rule of thumb, transimssion number of cells within a given district is constrained by the power budget of the fiber link.

Finally, only the tree topology may suffer from Rayleigh backscattering noise since the incident optical signal and the reflected modulated signal propagate in opposite directions on the same optical fiber.