[1] Grupul de Economie Aplicată (GEA), , Manual de evaluare a competitivității regionale, București, p. 5. Local economical development principles. Manual de supravie_uire si crestere a firmelor în condi_iile economiei de pia_a, Grupul de Economie Aplicata(GEA- The Applied Economy Group), Manual de . Matematică aplicată în economie: manual de studiu individual by Tatiana Corina Dosescu(Book) 1 edition published in in Romanian and held by 2.

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There are many definitions of clusters, different from each other and a wide typology of clusters in all industry.

The existence of an early horizontal cluster is motivated by the companies perception in terms of characteristics of local production system: Established priority areas and their quotes are: In various studies and research projects there were identified several potential clusters in Romania: Government policies should be oriented towards supporting the development of existing clusters or in training, rather than towards the creation of new clusters.

Sebastian Văduva – cărţi, carte

appicata Biotechnologies, transport and mobility, health and medicine, new materials, manufacturing and engineering, aviation and space, energy and environment, ICT, micro-nano-opto.

This is due to domestic scale economies, known as agglomerations economies. A Harvard Business Review Book, p. Although clustering companies is naturally, Romania can encourage cluster development by supporting efforts that emerging group of companies can do to realize the full potential merger.

Vertically integrated clusters exist in automobile industry supplier- manufacturer relationshipchemicals, clothing, hardware, furniture, and the horizontal ones in the light industry clothing, shoes fashion, media, software, bio – tech. Click here to sign up.

From the translation of the verb cluster, that means to gather in one place, to group after a criterion, we get to the definition of the concept given by Porter, namely, cluster is a geographical kanual of companies that are competing, but also cooperating, the suppliers of goods and services and their associated institutions. He sustains its view by explaining the differences in levels of development and knowledge of existing and identified agglomerations.


Competent individuals of different organizations constructively interact by assimilating existing knowledge and generating ideas, products and new production processes. The specialty literature regarding local economic development, based on the idea of cluster starts from well-known economic theories, such as: These poles are highly entrepreneurship and have a profitable business environment.

Development of automotive components sector in the Western Region was conducted by both local specialized societies, and by attracting foreign investors.

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Industrial or commercial specialization, diversification, innovation and improving quality and interrelationship between companies operating in a region, or their complementary characteristics, are traits that distinguish a pure agglomeration from an industrial cluster. O1, Apllicata, R1, R5 1. Explanations are based on recording specific economies of scale, known as agglomeration economies.

These separate units are called growth poles and they can be large companies, industrial sites, important elements of infrastructure port, airport, motorway that by their mere presence attract a lot of other activities or even an urban pole with its own activity. In Timis county it was identified a strong cluster in automotive, in the AutomotiVest company. Alfred Marshall showed that geographical concentration of a particular industry determines rconomie suppliers, attracts the workforce as a set of common skills, ensures economic security for the employees, and creates good market for the suppliers and conditions of improving and specializing the offer.

The main author of the typology is Hoover Location Theory and the Shoe and Leather Industry – and The Location of Economic Activityaplivata believes that internal economies of ,anual are specific for companies, localization economies for certain branches, sub-branches, whose companies form clusters in certain geographical areas E.

Product life cycle theory is developed by Raymond Vernonwhich started its work on links between the expenses incurred by the firm for long-term research and development and its possibilities of winning according to phases or steps that can browse a product from its launch on the market, until the end of its production.

Log In Sign Up. The specific actions that can be undertaken by the government: One of the policies is focused on developing at the European Union level clusters in the high competitiveness fields. Based on the analysis of a duopoly, Hotelling Hotelling, considers that problems of localization in this case tend to result in a concentrated location in the center of the market, provided that the market demand is completely inelastic.


Association has a team permanent staff which has a role in: They are rooted in the existence of specialized suppliers for certain goods, services which are shared by many other companies in that areain the existence of a local market labour which facilitates the transfer of workers from one firm to another as some of them to increase productionof the diffusion of information and innovation.

In this economic sector there are operating companies that operate exclusively or with a part of production. Once resources evonomie exhausted and the work force revolts, industries relocate themselves. Agglomeration economies are manifested as internal economies of scale, localization economies and urbanization economies. Perroux Francois1 has developed the concept of growth poles growth pole strategy that economic increase manifests itself in growth poles which are located in urban areas, affecting both regional development and the wider economy.

The level of economic development research and the systematic study of business in 10 countries with a significant competitive position, and in over industries, Professor Michael Porter brought the debate on how companies manage to compete and contribute in raising living standards in the countries where they are located.

Clusters represent an important instrument for promoting industrial development, innovation, competitiveness and economic econojie. Basically, the common point which links them are the concepts which occur in these theories, such as: According to this concept, development is an unbalanced and hierarchical process, in which a certain number of economic units play an engine role that puts them out from the others.