Differential diagnosis includes other idiopathic focal childhood epilepsies ( benign childhood occipital epilepsy, Panayiotopoulos type and Gastaut type. Agnosia integrativa causada por una epilepsia focal occipital izquierda: estudio . Las epilepsias idiopáticas occipitales benignas de la infancia se dividen de. El síndrome epiléptico más frecuente fue la epilepsia benigna con puntas .. se observaron en el 2,7% y la epilepsia occipital benigna de comienzo precoz en el 2,2%. . antiepilépticos en el tratamiento de las crisis parciales en la infancia.
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Epilepsia occipital idiopática de la infancia | Anales de Pediatría
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Rolandic epilepsy RE is a focal childhood epilepsy characterized by seizures consisting of unilateral facial sensory-motor symptoms, with electroencephalogram EEG showing brnigna biphasic waves over the rolandic region. It is an age-related epilepsy, with excellent outcome.
Onset is between 3 and 12 years, in otherwise normal children peak of onset is years. Seizures typically occur during sleep or drowsy states; they are brief with unilateral sensorimotor such as numbness, tingling, drooling that involves pharynx, tongue, face, lips and sometimes hand. Speech arrest often occurs, while comprehension is preserved. Seizures may alternate from one side to the other and may become generalized.
Longer attacks can be followed by post-ictal hemiplegia. Some children may have selective neuropsychological impairment affecting language, attention, visuomotor skills and behavior. They usually infahcia not outlast the period of active seizures. Seizure remission occurs within years from the onset. The majority of patients have Etiology of RE is still unknown.
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There is probably a genetic predisposition: Pathogenesis seems to be related with the critical and vulnerable phase of brain maturation. Diagnosis of RE relies on the clinical features and on EEG findings that show slow, diphasic, high voltage, centrotemporal spikes, activated by sleep.
Brain magnetic resonance imaging MRI is normal. Epilwpsia diagnosis includes other idiopathic focal childhood epilepsies benign childhood occipital epilepsy, Panayiotopoulos type and Gastaut type.
Other etiologies causing similar symptoms are excluded with brain MRI. The majority of patients, who have a single or few seizures, do not require treatment. In such cases, carbamazepine or valproate are preferred even if, in rare cases, carbamazepine may have a paradoxical effect.
In rare cases Expert reviewer s: Other search option s Alphabetical list. Summary and related texts. Check this box if you wish to receive a copy of your message.
Disease definition Rolandic epilepsy RE is a focal infanncia epilepsy characterized by seizures consisting of unilateral facial sensory-motor symptoms, with electroencephalogram EEG showing sharp biphasic waves beniyna the rolandic region.
Clinical description Onset is between 3 and 12 years, in otherwise normal children peak of onset is years.
The majority of patients have Etiology Etiology of RE is still unknown. Diagnostic methods Diagnosis of RE relies on the clinical features and on EEG findings that show slow, diphasic, high voltage, centrotemporal spikes, activated by sleep.
Differential diagnosis Differential diagnosis includes other idiopathic focal childhood epilepsies benign childhood infanciw epilepsy, Panayiotopoulos type and Gastaut type.
Genetic counseling Autosomal dominant transmission has been reported in some cases. Management and treatment The majority of patients, who have a single or few seizures, henigna not require treatment. Detailed information Professionals Review article English Health care resources for this disease Expert centres Diagnostic tests 41 Patient organisations 47 Orphan drug s 3.
EPILEPSIAS BENIGNAS DE LA INFANCIA by frank calderon on Prezi
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