Find the complete list of news-values below. Click on the image below to see it clearly. Galtung and Ruge, in their seminal study in the area put. One of the best known lists of news values was drawn up by media researchers Johan Galtung and Marie. Holmboe Ruge. They analysed international news. Galtung and Ruge news theories. 1. GALTUNG AND RUGE NEWS VALUES; 2. For any story that appears in the news has to have.

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Fifty years later, my article takes this list to demonstrate how mass media galtyng still apply when building audiences for an independent film in the Internet age.

Conventional models concentrate on what the journalist perceives as news. Every factor will be covered in a separate section.

GCSE Media Studies News Values

The press, broadcasting and new media in Britain. Individual short films premiered bi-daily over the course of one month. Cultural, political and geographical proximity to the readers of the main press publications in the country is hence at a minimum. Journalism v t e. The opposition to the ruling coalition, rallying with concepts like unity, togetherness and anti-cronyism, has made up a lot of ground.

Some are funny, other serious — all try to deal with aspects of Malaysian life. The Internet also constitutes a freely accessible worldwide marketing and distribution medium. Galtung and Ruge, in their seminal study in the area put forward a system of twelve factors describing events that together are used as a definition of ‘newsworthiness’. The Hunt for Gollum and The Cosmonaut created scale in slightly different ways. News are commercial products. Vwlues feature valuess production: The picture leak constitutes a specific news event.

Journalism standards Business culture.


Galtung and Ruge – News Values: an update by Prof. Galtung () – Galtung-Institut

The article builds on a constructivist approach that news values can be actively formulated and stressed. The findings of a content analysis of three major national newspapers in the UK were used to evaluate critically Galtung and Ruge’s original criteria and to propose a contemporary set of news values. Malaysia gained its independence from the United Kingdom in If a newspaper or news programme is the first and only news organisation breaking a story, then they will rate that very highly.

Valkaama Tim Baumann, is a feature-length no-budget film that, other than the other projects, did not successfully reach a meaningful audience. They point to negative news as the main reason for avoiding international news.

The whole thing started after the general elections and has a lot to do with the Internet — free media. His research is interested in creative industry entrepreneurship in the digital age E-mail: Change and continuity in contemporary American indie film.

One explanation may be that the negative news are framed according to male preferences by the often male journalists who cover such news and that a nwws positive framing may attract a larger female audience. It consists of 15 short films made by 15 Malaysian filmmakers. This boundary may be manipulated by journalists, power elites and communicators seeking to encourage audiences to exclude, or embrace, certain groups: Do you know how much work that is?

Relevance is one of the central concepts of audience building in the digital age. Translated by Richard Nice. Novelty is closely related: In other words, news values are not necessarily passive concepts of news, but can be actively stressed or formulated by those reporting about them: Within these questions, my interview partners gxltung free to lead the conversation anywhere they saw fit.

News outlets prefer clear facts and figures over maybes. Nowadays, I think the most difficult thing for films is to get distribution and find an audience. These policies largely favor the Malay majority through the provision of race-based student quotas in public Universities and for scholarships to study overseas, subsidized housing, a Malay stake-holder majority in every company enlisted in the local stock exchange and an over-boarding public service sector that is dominated by Malay employees.


News values

It is a multi-racial and multi-religious country with 50 percent of its population being Malay Muslim by law24 percent Chinese mainly Buddhist or Christian11 percent indigenous mostly Muslim and seven percent Indian mostly Hindu. English, Malay, Chinese and Tamil. The stronger avoidance reaction to moderately negative stimuli can be explained evolutionary as it being the role of men to investigate and potentially respond aggressively to the threat while women and children withdraw.

Walter Lippmann was the first to argue that journalists select the news they publish not randomly or because they are influenced by personal interests but according to the anticipated value a given news story would have for their audiences.

No other such project existed. This has led the ruling coalition to introduce the New Economic Policy ina number of ethnic affirmative action policies that were meant to eradicate poverty among Malays.

Ruge showed that several factors are consistently applied across a range of news organizations.

Even if people make their own films and upload them to the Internet, most of them drown in the sea of filmic content available online, never reaching a meaningful audience. Films were subtitled into the four main languages of the country.