The scale is composed of 24 items divided into 2 subscales, 13 concerning performance anxiety, and 11 pertaining to social situations. The Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS) was the first evaluation The score equal to or greater than 32 is suggested as a cutoff score for the. The Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS) is a widely used The original LSAS model implied by the scoring instructions yields seven.

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In the clinician administered version, subjects with social anxiety disorder had significantly higher LSAS-CA scores than subjects with other anxiety disorders and healthy controls.

It was also found that phenelzine was associated with LSAS scores that had post-treatment scores with standard deviations at least half higher than patients in placebo treatment.

Modern Trends in Pharmacopsychiatry. They were included only after their agreement and signing of the terms of informed consent. Scores between 60 and 90 indicate that SAD is very probable. Receiver operating characteristic methods and psychiatry. Psychometric properties of the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale. In relation to the definition of the cutoff scores, the intervals between 32 and 39 for the discrimination between C and NC, and 30 to 35 for SC and NC, were those with the best balance of the evaluated parameters.

The score equal to or greater than 32 is suggested as a cutoff score for the Brazilian population, since this presented balance between the standards evaluated and the ability to differentiate both clinical and subclinical SAD cases from non-cases. Specifically regarding the discriminant validity, ten studies were found [ 6 — 15 ] which indicated that SAD participants presented significantly higher scores than participants without SAD or with other anxiety disorders, regarding both subscales and the overall score.

For example, one might scroing individuals undergoing Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy or acceptance based treatments ecale show reductions in avoidance scael any changes in fear. The original scale was developed as a clinician administered measure, although a self-report version has also been validated Fresco et al. Received Jun 4; Accepted Feb Statistical package for the social sciences Release The scale features luebowitz items, which are divided into two subscales.


The scale is composed of 24 items, scored on a Likert-type scale of four points, on two subscales related to the fear and the avoidance of different social situations experienced in the previous week.

The LSAS appears to be a reliable measure of social anxiety in this African American sample with a similar factor structure to previous reports from European samples.

An Initial Psychometric Investigation”. Biometrics Research Department; Current findings may be generalizable to other samples comprising mixed anxiety disorders. Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale: Exploratory factor analyses are warranted to determine whether a better factor structure exists for African Americans.

The sample was composed of university students, of both genders, aged between 18 and 35 years. This finding converges with previous examinations scorring European American samples Safren et al.

Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale

The original scoring instructions implied two-factors social interaction, performance separately for fear and avoidance. The Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale: This questionnaire is composed of 16 items aimed at the sociodemographic characterization of the participants.

Such work may inform about whether the construct of social anxiety is similar and should be measured similarly across racial and ethnic groups. All subscales measures show high test-retest reliability.

The main limitation of this study relates to the sample used, consisting only of university students. Psychol Rep93 7: Overall, the Safren four-factor model demonstrated the best psychometric properties in an African American sample.

Given that none of the models were an excellent fit for our data and that the Safren model has not been supported in all previous studies Baker et al. A comparison of the psychometric properties of self-report and clinician-administered formats.

For the data collection, permission was sought from the coordinators of the Universities. Limitations include a modest sample size, which prevented us from sociao exploratory factor analyses. The Liebowitz social anxiety scale as a self-report instrument: Social anxiety in patients with social phobia: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are properly credited.


These tests were chosen due to the sample presenting a parametric distribution. The capacity of the LSAS-SR to discriminate between the different participants according to the variables gender, sample group and subtype of the disorder SAD generalized or circumscribed was also verified, with the results presented in Table 5.

Liebowitz social anxiety scale

The final sample, composed of participants, presented a predominance of female students, from a public university, enrolled in the first years socila the university course, mainly in the biological sciences area, independent of the clinical group. Conclusions In summary, it can be said that the initial aims of the study were achieved, since the discriminative validity of the instrument was measured with methodological precision, and the identified cutoffs allowed the identification of the different groups studied.

After applying the exclusion criteria, the final sample was composed of participants. A comparison of social phobia outcome measures in cognitive-behavioral group therapy. Data are available upon request to researchers who meet the criteria for access to confidential information. However, lack of empirical data made it difficult to differentiate and relate different aanxiety of feared situations and social interactions. To answer these questions, the aim of this study was to examine the discriminant validity and find the LSAS-SR cutoffs for the Brazilian population, with a clinical sample of SAD cases, non-cases and subclinical cases.

Screening for social anxiety disorder in the clinical setting: Views Read Edit View history. Weisberg1, 3 and Martin B.

In the three cases, excellent areas under the curves were found, being greater than 0. Once enrolled, participants were contacted for an in-person or telephone follow-up interview annually.